Department of Psychology
University of Bern
3000 Bern 9
Tel. +41 31 631 4034
Fax +41 31 631 8212
We work in the field of cognitive neuroscience. Our goal is to elucidate the psychological mechanisms and the neural correlates of memory formation, consolidation and retrieval. To this aim, we examine healthy individuals and neurological patients with focal brain lesions.
These are our current research projects:
1 professor, 1 postdoc and 3 Ph.D. students (Patrizio Colella, Simone Duss, Simon Ruch)
Our findings suggest that the human hippocampal formation specializes in the rapid establishment of new conceptual associations between items in memory. Importantly, we found that the hippocampal formation mediates the rapid encoding of new associations even when encoding (and later retrieval) were carried out without conscious awareness of encoding (and retrieval). Moreover, unconscious encoding affects the success of subsequent conscious encoding when the same, similar or different material is given for conscious learning. This influence of encoding across levels of consciousness was mediated by the hippocampal formation. We are currently examining patients with hippocampal damage to find out about the necessity of hippocampal integrity for unconscious encoding and retrieval. So far, our results support the notion of an unconscious form of episodic memory.
We also study the consolidation of consciously and unconsciously acquired memories in healthy individuals during daytime naps using polysomnographic recordings in the sleep laboratory. To boost the process of memory consolidation and for the study of encoding of new information during sleep, we apply acoustic stimulation during certain sleep stages. Finally, we are examining the role of human hippocampus in creative problem solving and insight both in healthy subjects and in patients with hippocampal damage.
A future project concerns the role of sleep stages in the consolidation of consciously and nonconsciously acquired memories. We measure brain activity with EEG and fMRI during encoding, sleep, and retrieval to reveal the functional neuroanatomy of memory encoding, consolidation, and retrieval. In order to enhance the natural process of memory consolidation during sleep, we apply external auditory cues to trigger memory consolidation to achieve a better retrieval performance.
Biological Psychology II. Lecture series for Bachelor students, each winter term, University of Bern. Cognitive neuroscience seminars for Master students, each term, University of Bern. Research seminar for graduate and undergraduate students, each term, University of Bern.
Swiss National Science Foundation
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